MINURSOUnited Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara

Home Site Map Contact Us

04:36:26, Sunday, 23 Jul 2017

Mission Leadership

Kim Bolduc from Canada has most recently served as United Nations Resident Coordinator and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Resident Representative in Panama from 2010 to 2014. From November 2009 to April 2010, she served as the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General/Humanitarian Coordinator for the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). From 2006 to 2009, Ms. Bolduc served as the Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in Brazil.

Previously, she held various appointments within the United Nations system in the field, including in Honduras from 2004 to 2006; in Iraq in 2003, in Peru from 1997 to 2002 and in Ecuador from 1992 to 1997. She joined the United Nations in 1987 and served in Africa for eight years.
Ms. Bolduc obtained her Master degree in International Development and Cooperation from Ottawa University in Canada and was trained in Conflict Resolution and Humanitarian Action at Ottawa University and the University of Geneva.

Born in 1952, Ms. Bolduc is married and has one son. 

Major General Xiaojun Wang

Force Commander of MINURSO

Major General Xiaojun Wang has had a long and distinguished career with the China Armed Forces spanning over forty-one years. Major General Wang brings to this position 40 years of national and international military experience, having served as Defense Attaché at the Embassies of the People’s Republic of China to Brazil, India, Sweden, and the United States of America from 2006 until 2016.  He also has served as a United Nations Sector Commander in MINURSO from 2003 to 2004, and was a United Nations Military Observer in Kuwait from 1992 to 1993. 

He has a Master’s degree in Military Administration from the Military Science Institution of the People’s Liberation Army, and a Bachelor’s degree in Signals Technology and Command from the Nanjing Army Command College, China.

Born in 1959, Major General Wang is married and has two children.



Alexander Ivanko (Russian Federation)

Senior Political Advisor
Alexander Ivanko, a national of the Russian Federation, was born in 1962 in Moscow. After graduating in 1984 from the Faculty of Journalism at Moscow State University, he joined as a reporter Izvestia, at that time a leading daily in the Soviet Union. He worked as a correspondent in Afghanistan in 1989 and in the U.S in 1992-94.

In 1994, he went to Croatia to work for the UN Protection Force in Former Yugoslavia (UNPROFOR) as a Press Officer and several months later as Spokesperson in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 1998, he joined the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) as an Adviser to the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media. He returned to peacekeeping in 2006 as Director of Public Information and Spokesperson for the UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK).

He was appointed to MINURSO in June 2009 as Senior Political Adviser.